Baliguian is a small town located at the Southwestern east of the Philippines, province of Zamboanga del Norte. It has a total land are of
Baliguian is an agricultural municipality which is rich in natural resources. Efficient use of its land would produce abundantly in copra, palay, corn and other agricultural products. Aside from land production, it is also rich in marine products.
The earliest inhabitants of the Municipality of Baliguian were Subanos. They were very industrious people. Some built their houses at the foot of the mountain or hill for convenience in farming, where they grow rice, corn, sweet potatoes and other root crops. Other lived near the shore for easy fishing. Aside from their livelihood through farming and the fishing, they were also engaged in home industries such as basketry and mat weaving. Famous of which was a mat made of rattan which they called ‘Bolidas’.
At a speck of time, Baliguian was already named ‘Boligyan’ it was just a drowsy village back then. The inhabitants were very much behind in education. There were very much behind in other facilities which would improve and attend to the welfare and living condition of populace. Usually they would go to their boligyan or priest to consult and offer their prayers and give their offerings to our illness of their loved ones.
CHIEF OF SUBANOS
To maintain peace and order in their community, their chief which was called ‘Tinuwayo’ promulgate and execute laws. He had the power to settle all kinds of disputes, punishes criminals and solemnized marriage. Assisting the Tinuwayo in performing these duties were deputies assigned around the tribal community, those deputies were called “Bogslalu".
Buklog of the Subanos
Despite their ignorance and lack of basic social needs they were peace-loving and happy people. They have their own festival celebrated every seven years, known as “Buklog”. Usually celebrated in honor of their “Diwata”, “Aposanag” or God in the heavens. The women dress in gorgeous attires called “Lugdoy Molotoc”(a fitting dress with long sleeve and a blouse decorated with different colorful beads). The men wear their “Kontiyo” and “Timulusa-an” (pants and shirt almost similar to that of Muslim costumes). They celebrate this festivity with dances and graceful tempo of the agong and kulintang played by agile musicians. Visitors from neighboring barangays are served with a cast of the tribes native rice wine. The celebration goes in for about a week or more depending on the food preparation of the celebrants. People from the neighboring barangays not only partake in the on the merry-making activities of the tribe but also take the opportunity to do a little business by selling or bartering the goods they brought along with them.
ORIGIN OF NAME
Thus, because of the amiable characteristics of the villagers, people from the neighboring barangays including Chinese Traders frequently come to this once small village to sell and barter their goods. Eventually it became a sort of trading center. So, whenever people make their way to the village, they were often asked as to where they’d go, their usual answer was, “to Baliguian”.
As years rolled by, the coming of the Christian faith emerged and transformed the mode of life of the inhabitants. Elementary Schools, Chapels and health centers were constructed, the people were afforded the opportunity to acquire shelter and education. Good health and moral upliftment poured the way to develop from a simple to more advanced way of life.
Thus, on December 27,1980, by virtue of Batas Pambansa Bilang 101. Out of the northern barangays of the town of Siocon, in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Baliguian, was created into a local government corporate entity.
Baliguian’s First Barangays
(1) Baliguian (2) Dioulan (3) Milan (4) Kauswagan (5) Alegria (6) Nonoyan (7) San Jose were made integral part of the newly created municipality. The seat of municipal government was at Barangay Baliguian after which the municipality was named. Counting from the date of its creation on December 27,1980, although it became official only on September 1,1981, due to the delay of the appointment of titles to the local officials.
On June 1, 1984, the Sangguniang Panlalwigan of the province of Zamboanga del Norte enacted and approved the creation of seven barangays: (1) Linay (2) Diangas (3) Guinoman (4) Kilalahan (5)Linay (6) Tan-awan (7) Tanas (8) Mamad (9) Malinao (10) Manawan. The Municipality of Baliguian has been administered by the men of integrity namely:
Today this local government unit is entering an era of Economic Political and Social Development and change, it is hoped that the near future will bring fulfillment to the aspirations of the people.
II. PHYSICAL INFORMATION
GEOGRAPHY & LOCATION
Baliguian is an agricultural municipality. It has a total land area of 49,072 hectares, consisting of 17 Barangays, 40% of which are classified as coastal. It is situated at the Southeast sea coast of the province of Zamboanga del Norte. It is bounded on the North by the town of Gutalac, on the South by the towns mother municipality which is Siocon, on the East by the town of Ipil, Zamboanga del Sur, and on the West bounded by the Sulu sea.
The technical description of the territories of the municipality is described as follows: Beginning from the intersection of the shoreline and latitude seven degrees and forty five minutes (7o45”) and Siocon River, hence, due east until it reaches the provincial boundary between the Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur, following the provincial boundary northward until it reaches the existing municipal boundaries between Siocon and Labason, hence, following the said boundary northeast until it reaches the shoreline, hence, following the shorelines southward latitude seven degrees and forty seven minutes (7o47” E) from the point of beginning.
The Municipality of Baliguian is composed of seventeen (17) Barangays namely:
Forty-four (44%) and seventy-three percent (73%) of the inhabitants of this municipality belongs to the Subano Tribe, forty-six (46%) and forty-two percent (42%) belongs to the Christians Cebuanos and eighty-five percent (85%) belongs to the Muslim tribe.
The topographic condition of the municipality ranges from the nearly level to sloping, slightly rolling to hilly then to mountainous areas. Most of the level are found along the coastal portion of the locality. An
area of approximately 11,127 hectares, representing 35% of the total land area are classified as lands, 6,358 hectares, representing 20% of the total land area classified as slightly rolling and 14,307 hectares representing 45% of the total land area as hilly to mountainous.
SOIL TYPE BY LAND/TERRAIN
Sandy loam represent thirty five (35%) percent of the total area. This kind of soil is suited for pasture land and forest land development but can be cultivated with great care and intensive soil conservation practices. Twenty (20%) percent belong to San Manuel loam. This type of soil is suited for agricultural crops. Forty five (45%) percent the Mt. Soil differentiate.
Baliguian has registered a population of 12,381 showing an increase of 3,414 compared to the 1990 Census. Based on the NEO records 7.55% and 12.45% resides in the areas and term proper respectively.
The people of Baliguian, consist of three religious groups: Christian, Muslim and Subanos. It registered a total population of 12,671 during the 1995 census. Based on the annual growth rate of 6%, the municipality has a projected population of 14,216 for the year 1997. The population density has moved up from 25% per square kilometer in 1995 to 31
persons per square kilometer in 1998, and is projected to reach 35 persons per square kilometer in the year 2000. Barangay Poblacion, registered the highest population with 1,542 in 1995, followed by Barangay Nonoyan with 1,129 and the third highest is Barangay Kauswagan with 1,073. While the Barangay with the lowest population is Barangay Guimotan with only 175, followed by Barangay
Linay with 362 of the total population. The population of the municipality is predominantly rural, 87.83% or 11.129 resides in rural areas and only 12.17% or 1,542 resides in urban centers.
Zamboanga del Norte: Municipality of Baliguian
Baliguian is located at midwestern part of the province and the Municipal Mayor is Teofilo Suson