Historical Background:  

            The name of Kalawit came from the bird Kalaw (Hornbill) which are said to inhabit the virgin forest of the area and Awit (song) which the bird is noted of its unique sound.  

Kalawit was formerly a part of Labason, Zamboanga del Norte. By virtue of R.A. No. 6851 the majority of the registered voters created the Munici- pality upon the approval through plebiscite last May 26, 1990. The new municipality is composed of 14 Barangays, to wit:

             1. Batayan                                     8. Marcelo  
              2. Botong                                      9. New Calamba  
              3. Concepcion                              10. Palalian
              4. Daniel Maing                             11. Paraiso
              5. Fatima                                     12. Pianon
              6. Gatas                                       13. San Jose
              7. Kalawit (Poblacion)                   14. Tugop

              Barangay Tugop is still under the supervision and jurisdiction of the Municipality of Titay, Zamboanga del Sur, waiting the implementation of Presidential Proclamation No. 76 delineating the Provincial boundary between Zamboanga del Sur and del Norte wherein the municipality of Kalawit will increase its area by at less 8,000 hectares consisting more or less seven (7) barangay from the municipality of Titay, Zamboanga del Sur.

              2. The first appointed and elected Mayor of the Local Government Unit (LGU) is Hon. Adolfo M. Carloto in his first term as elected and an avid follower of LDP.

              1. The Municipal physical profile varies from flat to rolling to hilly with a total land area of 25,000 hectares.

              2. The populations by Barangay as stated in their 1991-1994 barangay Development are as follows:  


Name of Barangay


 1. Batayan  4,225
2.   Botong   1,770
3.   Concepcion  0
4.   Daniel Maing  2,615
5.   Fatima  1,200
6.   Gatas  0
7.   Kalawit (Poblacion) 1,303
8.   Marcelo  0
9.   New Calamba  1,050  
10.  Palalian 0 
11.  Paraiso   1,122
12.  Pianon   6,329  
13.  San Jose   1,350  

            Eighty Percent (80%) of the labor is self-employed farmers and the remaining number is distributed  to government workers and plantation rubber tappers. The dominant Ethnic Group is the Subanen, and followed by the Muslim Kalibugan. The leading Dialect is cebuano (bisaya) followed by subanen, hiligaynon, Ilocano, and others. The religion in the locality is dominantly Christian and negligibly Muslim.

          The municipality has a vanishing forest due to rampant “Kaingin” &   Illegal logging. kaingin is the clearing of land by setting fire to the woody
plants and bushes, after which holes were bored in the ground with pointed sticks and the seeds are then planted there.



MayorArnoldTCarloto,Kalawit8312001.jpg (22556 bytes)
Hon. Arnold CARLOTO

Hon. Eugenio BALILING
Vice Mayor

Amalia BAYBAYAN           
Hermogenes S. LUGSANAY JR. 
Vicente V. MANAUG  
Danilo A. TAN    
Alberto M. DUMANGIA   
Eulogop B. PAJO   



In agriculture, Kalawit is a leading producer of corn followed by rice and other cash crops. Livestock and poultry are in backyard production basis. Presently the municipality is blessed with three-(3) national and provincial office installation, to wit:

                        1. Mindanao Livestock Production Center (MLPC);                         2. Philippine Carabao Center (PCC);                      
                        3. ZFRES, Fiber Industry Development. Authority; and                         4. “Pagkain ng Bayan” by the provincial government.  



in the locality is still at its infant star MAMCOR a private corporation operation operating in the municipality on a 1,000-hectare agri-industrial rubber plantation and processing plant.

             In terms of trade no big time businessmen is operating in the locality. Rice, Corn and Rubber “Comprador” came from out-laying municipalities. This municipality has one developed natural potential tourist spot in the municipality Basketball court are present in all barangay. Tennis court is only available at the Poblacion.  



Kalawit District

Kalawit CS



A. Dumajel



Botong ES






Daniel Maing



Fatima ES



Gatas ES



Lumamon PS



Marcelo ES



New Calamba



Palalian PS



Paraiso PS



Pianon ES



San Jose ES



Kalawit NHS




Location:      Southern interior part
Income Classification:       6th class
Land Area:    25,000.00 has.
Land Use:
                 Agriculture  18,358.00 has
                 Grassland     3,500.00 has
                 Wetland  1,900.00 has
                  Woodland 1,242.00 has  
No. of Barangays:  13
Population:     17,352 (1995)
18,780 (1998 projected)
Population Density:  75 person/sq.km.
Major Religion:
                 Roman Catholic   61.63%
                 Protestant        13.45%
                 Islam    4.90%
                 Iglesia Ni Cristo  4.44%
                 Seventh Day Adventist   2.70%
                 Aglipay   9.27%
                 Others       3.61%  
Indigenous People/Tribal Community: Subanen, Kalibugan  
Dialects Spoken:
                Cebuano    71.00%
                Subanen 12.00%
                Hiligaynon   12.00%
                Kalibugan  4.00%
                Ilocano,   Bicol,  
                Atta, Batak  1.00%  
                 Mountain ranges: Mt. Dansalan
              Mt. Gampoy
                 Valleys:More or less 1,500 has
    in  Barangay  Bantayan 
                 Land Forms:  Mostly flat to rolling  
                 Climate:   Type IV  
                 Mean Temperature: _____degrees C  
Distance to Dipolog City:178 kms.  

Kalawit wild Rubber Tree


      Major Products:            
                                      Rice, Corn, Rubber, Coconut, Peanuts,   Rootcrops

    Major Source of Livelihood:                           Farming



Hospital:     None  
  Barangay Health Centers:11  
Educational Institutions:
             High Schools  3
                 Elementary schools  13  
Social and Health Indicators:
                 Literacy rate  87.51%
                 Mortality rate  0.10%
                 Morbidity rate    38.30%  
                Birth rate  2.80%
                 Crude birth rate
No. and percentage of malnourished children:
                Low    31 - 2%
                Moderate  363 - 24%
                 Severe  1,113 - 74%


Name of School


1.        Kalawit Central School
2.        A. Dumajel
3.        Botong Elementary School
4.        Concepcion
5.        Daniel Maing
6.        Fatima Elementary School
7.        Gatas Elementary School
8.        Lumamon Primary School
9.        Marcelo Elementary School
10.     New Calamba
11.     Palalian Primary School
12.     Paraiso Primary School
13.     Pianon Eprimary School
14.     San Jose Elementary School
15.     Kalawit National High School


Mineral resources available in the area: Gold, Coal, Manganese,
Flora and Fauna:  
Major rivers/bays/springs/watersheds/lakes: Patawag, Kipit, Palomog,
Malob,   Cayaban Rivers  
National Park:     None  
Recreational Facility:     Hornbill Sports Center




  Means of Transportation: Jeepney   Motorcycle
Bus Companies operating:      None  
  Major bridges: New Calamba RCDG, 
Gatas RCDG,  
Batayan Bailey Bridge,
Palomoc Bailey   Bridge  
Water Facilities Available:
                        Level 1   20 units
                        Level 2   6 units
                        Level 3      None  
Energization (Source: Zambo. Del Sur Electric Cooperative)
              No. of consumers:    231
Road Network: (kms)  






















  Zamboanga del Norte: Municipality of Kalawit
The name of Kalawit came from the bird "Kalaw" (Hornbill) which are said to inhabit the virgin forest of the area and "awit" (song) which the bird is noted of its unique sound.  The Mayor of Kalawit is Adolfo M. Carloto