SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE

Historical Background


           The municipality of Mutia was known before as sitio Salvacion of Barrio Sianib a part of  Dipolog Town (now Dipolog City). Said Barrio Sianib later on become a part of Polanco when the latter was created into a separate municipality. Finally, Salvacion became a barrio when takes as part of Piρan upon the creation of the latter municipality.

          Salvacion, which is geographically situated in the hinterlands, was originally inhabited by mountain tribe known as “Timoay”. The strongest and most cohesive clan among the Timoays was headed by Sumambog Basilio.  He had a son known for intelligence and was designated as “Gucom” or judge. The “Gucom “ solemnized marriage, settle disputes and led in the merry making especially during fiestas.

The Timoay tribes were the ones who opened the path for early Christian settlers coming all the way from Cebu, Leyte, Negros, Bohol and other provinces from Visayas islands.  These settlers had named the place then “Salvacion” as they had high hopes that the virgin lands could delivers themselves from economic hardship.

 
                                        HISTORY

The name is derivative from Spanish word “Salvacion” meaning save, Salvacion therefore means saver.  In the year 1950, prominent citizens made a sovereign decision for the creation of Salvacion into a separate municipality from a mother municipality of Pi1ρan. A committee was formed to affect such movement, viz.:

Felimon A. Torres, Sr. ………………….. Chairman
          Saustiano C. Bohol ……………………… Vice-Chairman
          Moises Tenorio ………………………….. Secretary
          Mauro S. Alvar …………………………… Adviser
          Luis Bicoy ………………………………… Member
          Leodegario Bicoy ………………………… Member
          Conchita Suan ……………………………. Member
          Thomas Acbayan …………………………. Member
          Dionisio Baquinat ………………………… Member
          Gil Empeynado ……………………………. Member
          Eustiquio Sales ……………………………. Member
          Santiago Sagario ………………………….. Member

                 The movement materialized upon the passage of resolution by the Municipal Council of Piρan proposing Salvacion as a separate municipality.  Before action could have taken on said resolution, the name of municipality was amended to Mutia as affected by the name of the Provincial Board. The reason for the change was to give lasting memory to a man who fought  and died in the service of his fellowmen.  This man was the late Sgt. Francisco Mutia.  At the height of lawless violence and other acts of criminality led by the Torreno brothers in the barrio of Salvacion, Sgt. Mutia with Catsen of the Philippine Constabulary and Police Sgt. Morelos and Civilian Volunteer Francisco Dagatan intensified the campaign of suppression.  One day Sgt. Mutia meet bloody encounter with the Torreno Brothers resulting into the dealt of the former and one of the Torreno brothers.

                 The municipality of Mutia acquired its juridical existence on July 22, 1960, by virtue of Executive Order   No. 402 signed by the late President of the Philippines, Carlos P. Garcia. The 26 years of existence of the municipality of Mutia has been nurtured by following executives known for their dedicated industry and integrity:

         1960-1963           Filemon A. Torres, Sr. …………. Appointed
         1963-1971           Dominador c. Atay …………….. Elected
         1971-1980           Celso S. Cayud-ong …………….. Elected
         1980-1986           Celso S. Cayud-ong …………….. Re-Elected
         1986-present        Salustiano C. Bohol …………….. Appointed

 

                                       PHYSICAL INFORMATION

 

Town of Zamboanga del Norte edging the province of Misamis       Occidental. Surrounded by municipalities of Piρan, La Libertad and Sergio Osmeρa, it is one of the far-flung towns in the hinterland, it takes about 1.0-hour ride from Mutia to Dipolog City through Piρan and covering a distance 29 kilometers. On the north, it is bounded by the municipality of La Libertad, and Dapitan City; on the west the municipality of Piρan ; on the south the municipality of Sergio Osmeρa; and on the east the Province of Misamis Occidental
 

  A – 0 –5 – 7% plain to nearly level
 B – 16 – 25 – Slightly rolling to rolling
 C – 26 – 50 – 43% Rolling to severely rolling
 D – 50 – Up – 25% Hilly to Mountaino

                         LAND AREA

The municipality of Mutia embraces 15 barangays with a total land area of 12,230.55 hectares. This figure is distributed as follows to the following barangays:
     
         1.     Poblacion (Urban)………………………… 2,102.53
          2.     Alvinda ……………………………………     602.00
          3.     Buenasuerte ………………………………… 2,192.00
          4.        Didland ……………………………………. 560.00
          5.        Head Tipan ………………………………… 941.00
          6.        Diolend …………………………………….. 447.00
          7.        New Casul …………………………………. 828.00
          8.        New Siquijor ……………………………….. 278.00
          9.        Newland ……………………………………. 641.00
          10.     Pasorio ……………………………………… 839.00
          11.     San Miguel ………………………………. 1,168.00
          12.     Tingland …………………………………… 146.00
          13.     Totongon …………………………………… 289.00
          14.     Tubac ………………………………………. 146.00
          15.     Unidos …………………………………….. 1,015.0

                                      
TOTAL – 12,230.55 Has.

                        RELIGIOUS SECTS

   The Subano tribes are the first permanent settlement in the municipality of Mutia and their language spoken. They made their homes along the river and below the evergreen forest and most of these earn their living by farming or raising livestock.  They cultivated their fields by using “Kaingin System” in which the land cleared by setting fire to the woody plant and bushes, after which the wholes are bored in the ground with pointed sticks, the seeds were then planted thereon.



                         MOTHER TONGUE

Some of theme are pagans and have a dialect of their own but most of theme who are educated to have been contact with Visayas, the speak Visayas and some speak English.

 
                   FORESTRY

  The municipality of Mutia is 3,110 hectares classified as forestland. This is about 25% of the total land area. Close scrutiny of  these area declared as forestland reveal that about 1,000 hectares is devoted to other uses. Roughly 360 hectares for instance have become grassland after having been abandoned by “Kaingineros”. 

  The agricultural land area is 6,250 hectares is devoted to crop production. The biggest share of the agricultural area goes to coconut featuring 5,550 hectares. The second highest crop production is corn with 620 hectares. These are kinds of crops raised that satisfy the present food requirement as prescribed by the Food Nutrition Research Institute. Other food crops requirement such as rice, fruits, root crops and vegetables fall short of the required standard. In regards to rice, this could not cater needs of the rice eating population.

                                          
                                
MARKETING

There is no such tourist spot that can be found in the municipality 
in the sense that there are no tourist spots.

 

MUNICIPAL OFFICIALS

Hon.  Arthur TENORIO
Mayor
   

Hon. Elda RUCKSTUHL
Vice Mayor
   

Councilors:

MarilouAGUAVIVA
Juanito  BOHOL
Rogelio AGUM
Romeo GOMEZ
Paul  LARGO
Domingo IGORO, Jr.
Rosita CO
James Al  GO
Bienvenido Paρosa ABC Fed. Pres. 
Joseph B. Cabilin SK Fed. Pres. 

 

MUTIA SCHOOLS

Mutia District

Muita CS

 

 

Buena Suerte

 

 

Tinglan ES

 

 

Newland ES

 

 

Alvenda ES

 

 

Head Tipan

 

 

Delampinas

 

 

Paso Rio ES

 

 

San Miguel

 

 

N. Siquijor

 

 

Diland ES

 

 

Tubak ES

 

 

Diolen ES

 

 

Totongon PS

 

 

Mutia NHS

The Rainbow

 

   Tubak Extension

 

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

         Location:                                                            Northern Part

          Income Classification:                                    6th class

         Land Area:                                                         12,553.2198 has.

          Land Use:                                      Agriculture      8,122.1029 has
                                                      Grassland      241.0140 has>
                                                                  Woodland      4,190.1029 has

        No. of Barangays:                                               16

         Population:                                                            8,915 (1995)

         Population Density:                                              0.71 person/ha.

        Major Religion:
                               Roman Catholic                                            75.00%
                               Protestant                                                        5.00%
                               Phil. Independent Church                               3.00%
                               Seventh Day Adventist                                   8.00%
                              Jehovah's Witness                                           2.00%
                              Animist (Indigenous)                                        7.00%

         Indigenous People/Tribal Community:          Subanen   37.00%

         Dialects Spoken:
                                Cebuano                                                       70.00%
                                Subanen                                                       12.00%
                               Kalibugan                                                      18.00%

          Topography
                              Mountain ranges: 100 to 500 meters
                              Valleys:            Rolling
                              Land Forms:      Footslope, Hills and  Mountain

             Climate:                                                                        Mild and Moderate

              Mean Temperature:                                                  Low

            Distance to Dipolog City:                                         29 kms.

 

ECONOMY

                 Major Products:                                              Coconut, Corn

                        Major Source of Livelihood:                   Farming

 

 

SOCIAL AND HEALTH FACILITIES

 

                Hospital:                                                                      None

                 Barangay Health Centers:                                           6

                 Educational Institutions:
                                     Secondary schools                              
                                     Elementary schools                           12    
                                     Primary                                                  2

            Social and Health Indicators:
                                           Literacy rate
                                           Mortality rate                                         0.35%
                                          Morbidity rate                                       14.86%
                                          Birth rate                                                 1.36%
                                          Crude birth rate                                      3.02%

            No. and percentage of malnourished children:
                                Pre - School                               School Children
                            Low 454 - 32.0%                           472 - 28.0%
                            Moderate 94 - 6.6%                      289 - 17.0%
                            Severe 6 - 0.4%                                 7 - 0.4%             

 

ENVIRONMENT

                 

               Mineral resources available in the area:     Coulins, Chromite

            Flora and Fauna:                                        Wild Plants

             Major rivers/bays/springs/watersheds/lakes:
                            
Rivers:             Dipolog River, Dapitan River,                                                                                  Galay  River, Gumay River,  Disoy River
                             Springs:            New Casul, Buenasuerte,  Doilen, 
                                                       Tinglan,  Alvand,  Unidos 
                             Watershed:        Alvenda, Buenasuerte,  Newland

             National Park:                           None

              Recreational Facility:                              11 Multi-purpose
                                                                    Pavements, and      
                                                                                    
Mini-Gym/Social Hall

 

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 

            None

 

INFRASTRUCTURE

               Means of Transportation:             Bus, Fierra and   Habal-Habal

            Bus Companies operating:           SCT Bus Transport, and others

             Road Network: (kms)

 

Concrete

Gravel

Earth

Provincial

1.12

18.30

 

Municipal

0.53

3.02

0.75

Barangay

 

24.00

32.00

             Major bridges:                                  None

                Water Facilities Available:
                                              Level 1                          10 units
                                              Level 2                          None
                                              Level 3                          2 units

            Energization: (Source: Zambo. Del NorteElectricCooperative)  
                              No. of Consumers:            435 households

               No. of Barangays Energized:            7

 

MutiaMAP.jpg (158656 bytes)

 



Zamboanga del Norte: Municipality of Mutia
     The municipality of Mutia was known before as sitio Salvacion of Barrio Sianib a part of 
 
Dipolog Town (now Dipolog City
)